Hans Christian Andersen was born in the town of Odense, Denmark, on April 2, 1805. The beloved author of some of the most famous fairy tales of all time, Andersen remains a favorite author of children all over the world. On April 2 each year, Andersen’s birthday is celebrated as International Children’s Book Day.

King Frederick VI of Denmark took an interest in Andersen as a child and paid for part of his education. After his father died, however, Andersen was forced to find a job to support himself. After working as both a weaver’s apprentice and a tailor, Andersen moved to Copenhagen when he was just 14 years old.

He had an excellent singing voice and soon found work as an actor with the Royal Danish Theatre. Eventually, his voice changed, and he turned to writing.

Between 1835 and 1872, Andersen published many children’s stories. He is probably best known for Fairy Tales and Stories.

Most children have heard many of his most popular stories, including “The Little Mermaid,” “The Emperor’s New Clothes,” “The Ugly Duckling,” “The Tinderbox,” “Little Claus and Big Claus,” “Princess and the Pea,” “The Snow Queen,” “The Nightingale” and “The Steadfast Tin Soldier.”

Famous for these and many other stories, Andersen became known as the “father of the modern fairy tale.” Some believe Andersen’s stories became so popular because they were not meant just for children, but for adults, too. Even though his stories are simple and charming, most of them also feature important moral lessons.

While many fairy tales are based on old folk tales, only a dozen or so of Andersen’s 156 fairy tales were inspired by well-known stories. All the rest were original works.

Over the past hundred years, Andersen’s fairy tales have been translated into more than 150 different languages. They’ve inspired plays, ballets and many movies. They’ve also been immortalized in many ways around the world.

For example, in the Copenhagen harbor, there is a statue of The Little Mermaid. Visitors to New York City’s Central Park can see a statue of Hans Christian Andersen with the Ugly Duckling. Shanghai residents can even visit a $13 million theme park based on Andersen’s fairy tales!


2 Join the Discussion

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars  (13 votes, avg. 4.54 out of 5)
    • Hi, destinyms!

      These are all great questions…we’re glad you’re WONDERING about them! It’s awesome questions like this that bring each Wonder of the Day to life! Did you know YOU can nominate a Wonder of the Day? Just click on the link at the top of this page that says, “nominate a wonder.” :-)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>


  • Wonderopolis on Facebook
  • Wonderopolis on Pinterest
  • Print

Have you ever wondered…

  • Who was Hans Christian Andersen?
  • What are some of Hans Christian Andersen’s most famous fairy tales?
  • Why are Hans Christian Andersen’s fairy tales so popular?

Wonder Gallery

Hans C Anderson_shutterstock_54576487Vimeo Video

Try It Out

What is your favorite Hans Christian Andersen fairy tale? Take some time today to read a few of his fairy tales. What moral lessons do they contain?

Now that you’re in the fairy tale state of mind, it’s time to create a fairy tale of your own. All you need are a hero, a villain (bad guy), a tough situation, a solution, some magic and, of course, a happy ending.

Come up with a magical fairy tale, and tell it to your friends and family. If you want, write it down and email or send a copy to us. We’d love to read it!

Wonderopolis HQ
325 West Main Street, Suite 300
Louisville, KY 40202-4237


Still Wondering

Hear and read the original texts of several of Hans Christian Andersen’s stories when you visit EDSITEment’s Hans Christian Andersen’s Fairy Tales lesson!


Wonder What’s Next?

Get your buns back over to Wonderopolis in the morning. We’ll be sinking our teeth into a juicy Wonder of the Day that’ll leave you hungry for more!

Upload a Photo or Paste the URL of a YouTube or SchoolTube Video.