Today’s Wonder of the Day was inspired by Advaith. Advaith Wonders, “What is your pancreas?” Thanks for WONDERing with us, Advaith!
If one of these types of items ever stops working, though, you can have a little bit of fun with it before you throw it in the trash. Opening up a laptop computer, for example, will let you see all the "stuff" that exists below the keyboard to make it do all the incredible things it can do.
The inside of the human body is way more impressive than any piece of electronics that ever has or ever will be created. Your body is packed with so many incredible things that scientists are still discovering new things about it all the time.
The pancreas is special because it's one of the few organs that's part of multiple body systems. For example, it's part of the digestive system.
The pancreas releases digestive enzymes into the small intestines that help to break down food, so your body can extract the nutrients it needs. It also produces sodium bicarbonate (otherwise known as baking soda), which neutralizes acids that find their way from the stomach into the small intestines.
The pancreas also secretes important hormones your body needs, such as insulin and glucagon. These crucial hormones help to regulate blood sugar levels in your body.
How does the pancreas know how much insulin or glucagon to produce? It might sound weird, but your pancreas has taste receptors similar to the taste buds on your tongue. As you eat, these receptors sense how sweet the food is and release the appropriate amount of hormones in response!