Is it summer where you live? It may not yet be the dog days of summer, but we bet it’s starting to warm up nicely!
Wonder Friends know that we’ve already visited the coldest place on Earth. Now it’s time to put on our short-sleeve shirts and shorts and head to the hottest place on Earth!
The Earth is a huge place and two thirds of it is covered in water. The other third is dry land that we can live on. But did you know that one third of that dry land is actually desert that’s too hot and dry to support much life?
Most of the deserts of the world are near the equator. This nearness to the equator makes deserts hot. A lack of moisture also makes them dry and not a good place to live.
The deserts of the world are where we find most of the hottest places on Earth. Answering the question of where the hottest place on Earth is, though, isn’t quite as easy as it sounds. For example, the place with the hottest temperature ever recorded might not be the hottest place year-round.
To date, the hottest temperature ever recorded was 159.26° F in 2005 in the Lut Desert in Iran. This area of desert in Iran is so desolate that no life — not even bacteria — has been found there.
The hottest part of this desert is an area of over 180 square miles called the Gandom Beriyan, which means “toasted wheat.” Walking across its black volcanic rock in the heat of the day would be like walking on burning coals!
Before 2005, the previous high temperature was 136° F in 1922 in El Azizia, Libya. Wow! Those are some hot temperatures. But you don’t have to go all the way around the world to find temperatures approaching those highs. Instead, you could go to California right here in the United States.
Death Valley, California, routinely sees temperatures above 100° F in the summer. In fact, the highest recorded temperature for Death Valley was 134° F on July 10, 1913! Death Valley sits within the Mojave Desert.
As hot as all of these places are, though, there’s one other place that maintains the highest average temperature year-round. That honor goes to Dallol, Ethiopia. Day in, day out…all throughout the year, Dallol’s average temperature reaches almost 94° F!
Dallol sits in an area known as the Danakil Depression. High temperatures in the area can regularly reach over 115° F. Formerly a mining town, Dallol is now mainly a ghost town that can only be reached via camel.