If you’ve ever shopped for children’s clothing, toys or furniture, you’re most likely very familiar with polka dots. Polka dot is a pattern created by filling a space with dots that are usually evenly sized and spaced closely together.
Polka dots got their name from the dance of the same name. Although they’re not directly connected to the dance in any way, the polka dance was very popular at the time the pattern became fashionable on clothing.
The polka is a fun and lively dance — and a specific type of dance music — popular throughout Europe and North America. It began in the mid-1800s in central Europe in the area that is now the Czech Republic.
The polka dance got its name from the Czech word půlka, which means “little half.” This is a reference to the short half steps that make up the basic steps of the dance.
Some historians believe polka dancing and music were first created by Anna Slezakova in 1834. She lived in an area called "Bohemia," which is now the Czech Republic.
Her dance and music, created to accompany a local folk song, began a dance craze that spread across Europe and even to America within a decade. Polka remained a popular dance until the early 1900s, when new forms of music — like ragtime jazz — became the new craze.